Are you looking for a low-cost, yet engaging activity that your preschooler can do at home? Introducing flowers and exploring different parts of a flower is an excellent way to teach young children about nature and the environment.
Flowers are colorful, come in many shapes and sizes, and have unique features such as petals, pollen, roots, stamens, and pistils. Through fun activities like picking their own or growing their own flower garden (or indoor planters!), youngsters can learn about different kinds of plants – from tiny daisies to giant sunflowers – all while nurturing fine motor skills through tasks like watering the plants or cutting off stems!
In this post, we’ll explore some really simple but exciting ideas on how to make learning about flowers FUN with preschoolers!
Teaching kids about flowers is truly an amazing experience. Beginning with a beautiful book focused on the earth followed by the botany lesson on the parts of the flower is the perfect way to introduce preschool flower activities.
Facts about Flowers
- There are over 400,000 species of flowers in the world.
- The most popular flower in the world is the rose, followed by the tulip and lily.
- The first flowers appeared on Earth about 140 million years ago.
- Some flowers are edible, such as nasturtiums and violets.
- Flowers have a long history of being associated with love and romance
- The largest flower in the world is the Rafflesia, which can grow up to 3 feet in diameter and weigh 15 pounds.
- The smallest flower in the world is the Wolffia, which measures just 1/200 of an inch across.
- The oldest flower in the world is the fossilized remains of a 130-million-year-old hibiscus flower.
- The world’s most expensive flower is the Juliet Rose, which costs $15 million per stem.
- The world’s tallest flower is the titan arum, which can grow up to 10 feet tall.
- The world’s largest flower arrangement was created in 2005 and contained over 4 million flowers.
- Flowers have been used for medicinal purposes for centuries. For example, chamomile has been used to treat anxiety and lavender has been used to treat insomnia.
- In addition to their beauty and symbolic meaning, flowers also play an important role in the pollination of plants
Preschool Activities with Flower
Here are the steps I took to help my child learn about the anatomy of a flower:
Read this Book
- Introduce any life science work, especially a new one, with a book that will hook the child. My Montessori instructor introduced me to Susan Jeffers’ Brother Eagle, Sister Sky, a fabulous book to introduce children to our connection to the earth.
Examine a real flower by touching, smelling, and then dissecting it
Know the terms for the flower and repeat these parts to your child
- Allow your child time to color the flower using Botany Puzzles as a guide. I traced the parts of a flower puzzle but there are free printables online.
- Press a flower for safe shelf-keeping and further observation. In my Montessori program, I was taught to simply flatten a flower onto a piece of construction paper and covered it with contact paper. You could laminate it too.
More Activities to Learn about Flowers
- Flower transfer (with flowers that had fallen to the ground in our yard) with tongs for Practical Life
- Work with this botany puzzle for Sensorial
- Using the same flowers in our tonging exercise to work on seriation exercises in Math, matching 4 flowers to a card with the number 4
- Explore Culture and Geography by looking at flowers from around the world. I am in the process of making these cards to do matching with our world map
- Language is always integrated into learning. I printed and laminated nomenclature cards for Parts of the Flower (you can download them for free on The Helpful Garden’s website) and for types of flowers.
- Art: My older son in particular loves to paint. I am excited to introduce a few artists to him in the next few weeks. We planted a sunflower seed a few weeks ago that is now sprouting so I think Van Gogh’s sunflowers will be a great fit for an art project.
The Sequence of Activities
Montessori Life Science Sequence
The recommended life science sequence is:
So for this activity, the sequence might be:
- Group presentation with concrete material (real flowers or replicas)
- Individual presentation with concrete materials (real or replicas)
- Nomenclature cards
Learning about Parts of a Flower with Kids
Isn’t Botany great?
Last week we dove into exploring the Parts of a Flower with a few simple introductory activities. This week, we’re diving a little bit deeper. Any activity that gets a child moving his hands, or his body in any way actually, is great for brain development and tuning skills, such as fine motor skills.
What are the Parts of the Flower?
Peduncle – The stalk of a flower.Receptacle: The part of a flower stalk where the parts of the flower are attached.
Sepal – The outer parts of the flower (often green and leaf-like) that enclose a developing bud.
Petal – The parts of a flower that are often conspicuously colored.
Pistil – the female part of the flower located in the center of the flower
Stigma – the sticky knob at the top of the pistil
Style – also a female part of the flower; the long stalk that supports the stigma
Ovary – usually at the base of the flower; the part of the flower that has the seeds that turn into the fruit that we eat
Ovules – female egg cells located in the ovary
Stamen – the male part of the flower
Anther – produces pollen
Filament – supports the anther
What is the Male Part of the Flower?
The “male” part is called the stamen, the part of the flower that produces pollen. It is composed of the filament and the anther.
What is the Female Part of the Flower?
The “female” or seed-bearing part is called the pistil and is composed of the ovary, the stigma, and the style. A flower may have exclusively male parts, exclusively female parts, or commonly, both.
Materials Needed for Botany Activity
Before I presented the tray to my son, I traced the Montessori Parts of the Flower Botany Puzzle onto a clean sheet of white paper. You can have your child do this tracing too. My son asked me why I did it myself. So, from here on out, he will do the tracing of the puzzles.
I presented him with a tray with the “coloring sheet”, three Colored Pencils, and the botany puzzle so that he could move from left to right (reading and writing preparation). The first thing he did was to place the parts of the flower onto the traced coloring page explaining to his younger brother the various parts as he placed the parts in their appropriate area of the puzzle template.
His eyes immediately saw to take that step whereas I was going to sprint right by it. Then he placed the pieces back into the puzzle template and began coloring.
This Montessori Parts of a Flower activity is simple and involves multiple steps to truly get the child thinking about the parts of a flower. I like tracing integration because this act really helps to work on fine motor skills and writing preparation. In the end, you will have a sweet colored pencil art piece of the Parts of the Flower puzzle. The next step will involve the freehand drawing of the puzzle.
Thank you for reading today!